Saturday, October 13, 2007
Waterhouse on Reparations and Black Life Under American Law, 1619-1972
Posted by Mary L. Dudziak
Carlton Waterhouse, Florida International University, suggests that "the civil rights legislation of the 1960s and 1970s represented one more step in a series of unfortunate legal events that ultimately reflected the dominant attitude of society's white majority toward ending the Jim Crow practices of the south," in a new article on SSRN. Avoiding Another Step in a Series of Unfortunate Legal Events: A Consideration of Black Life Under American Law from 1619 to 1972 and A Challenge to Prevailing Notions of Legally Based Reparations appeared in the Boston College Third World Law Journal. Here's the abstract: The growing body of literature on reparations consists primarily of articles showing that black reparations are consistent with various legal theories, promote racial justice, or further broader societal goals like eliminating poverty and promoting education. This article takes the distinct position of challenging reparations supporters to justify their confidence in the legal system to deliver meaningful reparations for slavery and segregation in light of the historic use of law as a means of instantiating white racial supremacy and the prospective individualistic approach to race adopted by contemporary judges and legislators. The article also challenges those who oppose reparations based on its supposed unfairness to contemporary citizens to explain how their position differs from that of past generations who opposed reparations and related legal efforts to redress racial injustices as unfair at that time. To support the challenge to reparations commentators, the article examines the historical framework of blacks' relationship to the law through legislation and court rulings from 1619-1963. The article closes by presenting an alternative approach to reparations focused on building and strengthening black political, economic, and educational institutions.